Heinesen, William

(1900-1991)
   A Faroese and Danish novelist, short story writer, and poet who wrote in Danish, Heinesen is known mostly for his novels. Educated in Copenhagen, Heinesen started out writing novels that emphasized groups of people rather than single individuals and were thus similar to the Danish collective novel at the time. Heinesen's examples of the genre are Blæsende Gry (1934; Windswept Dawn) and Noatun (1938; tr. Niels Peter, 1939), which offer a humorous and satirical treatment of popular religious movements and other changes in Faroese society, thereby transcending the common social realism of the period. The action in Den sorte Gryde (1949; tr. The Black Cauldron, 1992) takes place during the British occupation of the Faroes in World War II and takes war profiteering as its theme. De fortabte spillemænd (1950; tr. The Lost Musicians, 1972) deals with the move to abolish the use of alcoholic beverages in the Faroes, but Heinesen's main purpose is to offer an almost mythical representation of the conflict between good and evil, death and life.
   In Moder Syvstjerne (1952; tr. The Kingdom of the Earth, 1973) Heinesen presents a paean to womanhood, which he identifies with the forces of life. Myth-making is similarly present in Tårnet ved verdens ende (1976; tr. The Tower at the Edge of the World, 1981). The conflict between life and death is also found in the epistolary novel Det gode Hab (1964; The Good Hope), which is a fictionalization of the life of a Danish minister who worked in the Faroe Islands during the 1600s. This novel won him the Nordic Literary Prize in 1965.
   Heinesen has also written several collections of short stories with themes similar to those of his novels, starting with Det fortryllede lys (1957; Enchanted Light). The title story in Don Juan fra Tranhuset (1970; Don Juan from the Whale Oil Factory) is set in Torshavn, the capital of the Faroes, in the 1890s and tells about the arrival of a Maltese man who arouses much interest among the locals. Myth-making is central to Laterna Magica (1985; tr. 1987). The title of Her skal danses (1980; The Dance Shall Go On) alludes to the Faroese ring dance, a central form of cultural expression. Other short story collections are Gamaliels besættelse (1960; Gamaliel's Possession), Kur mod onde aånder (1967; A Cure for Evil Spirits), Fortællinger fra Thorshavn (1973; Stories from Torshavn), and Grylen og andre noveller (1975; Grylen and Other Stories).
   As a poet Heinesen was at first derivative of the style of the Danish poetry of the 1890s, as exemplified by the poems in Arktiske Elegier (1921; Arctic Elegies). Høbjergning ved Havet (1924; Hay-Cutting by the Sea) emphasizes the cycle of life and the place of human life in the natural world. Other volumes of poetry are Sange mod Vaardybet (1927; Songs toward the Depth of Spring), Stjernerne vaagner (1930; The Stars Awaken), Den dunkle Sol (1936; The Dark Sun), Panorama med regnbue (1972; Panorama with Rainbow), and Digte (1990; Poems).

Historical Dictionary of Scandinavian Literature and Theater. . 2006.

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  • Heinesen, William — ▪ Danish Faeroese author born Jan. 15, 1900, Tórshavn, Faroe Islands, Den. died Mar. 12, 1991, Tórshavn       Faroese writer of Danish language poetry and fiction in which he used his remote North Atlantic homeland as a microcosmic setting for… …   Universalium

  • Heinesen — Heinesen,   William, dänischer Schriftsteller, * Tórshavn 15. 1. 1900, ✝ ebenda 12. 3. 1991; im Mittelpunkt seines Werkes steht der harte Lebenskampf der Menschen auf den Färöern. Satire, Humor, Fantasie, Realismus und Gesellschaftskritik… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • William Heinesen — William Heinesen. Weltweit bekanntester Schriftsteller der Färöer. Briefmarke von 1988 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Heinesen — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Jens Pauli Heinesen (1932–2011), färöischer Schriftsteller William Heinesen (1900–1991), bedeutendster Dichter der Färöer Zacharias Heinesen (* 1936), färöischer Maler Diese Seit …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • William Heinesen — Timbre à l effigie de William Heinesen émis par les Postes féroïennes en 1988 Andreas William Heinesen, né le 15 janvier 1900 à Tórshavn où il est mort le 12 mars 1991, est l un des écrivains les plus connus des …   Wikipédia en Français

  • William Heinesen — Infobox Person name = William Heinesen caption = birth date = 15 January, 1900 birth place = Tórshavn death date = death date and age|1991|3|12|1900|1|15 death place = TórshavnAndreas William Heinesen (15 January 1900 12 March 1991) is the most… …   Wikipedia

  • William Heinesen — Sello de 1988 Andreas William Heinesen(Tórshavn, 15 de enero de 1900 ibidem, 12 de marzo de 1991) pintor, compositor y poeta feroés. Su madre era danesa y su padre feroés, y pasó la mayor parte de su vida en las Islas Feroe. Parte de su obra… …   Wikipedia Español

  • William Heinesen — Færøsk forfatter og billedkunster (1900 1991). Hans væsentligste påvirkninger kom fra hans opvækst i et travlt handelshus i Tórshavn, samt møde med Otto Geisted og 1920 ernes kreds af især venstreorienterede kunstnere …   Danske encyklopædi

  • Zacharias Heinesen — Eystara vág, die Ostbucht von Tórshavn. Briefmarke von 1987 Zacharias Karl Ulrik Heinesen (* 19. Juni 1936 in Tórshavn/Färöer) ist ein zeitgenössischer färöischer Maler. Er ist ein Sohn von William Heinesen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Zacharias Heinesen — (borne 1936 in Tórshavn) is a Faroese landscape painter. He is the son of the writer William Heinesen.He attended Myndlistaskóli Íslands in Reykjavik between 1957 58. In 1959 1963 he attended the Royal Danish Academy of Art in Copenhagen. Through …   Wikipedia

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